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Determination of ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions from land application of swine slurry: A comparison of three application methods
- In this study, the comparison and monitoring of the initial greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions using a flux chamber and gas analyzer from three different liquid manure application methods at a swine farm in Kentucky were carried out. Swine slurry was applied to farmland by row injection, surface spray, and Aerway injection. Ammonia and GHG concentrations were monitored immediately after application, 72 and 216h after application. The results showed that the initial ammonia flux ranged from 5.80mgm⁻² h⁻¹ for the surface spray method to 1.80mgm⁻² h⁻¹ for the row injection method. The initial fluxes of methane ranged from 8.75mgm⁻² h⁻¹ for surface spray to 2.27mgm⁻² h⁻¹ for Aerway injection, carbon dioxide ranged from 4357mgm⁻² h⁻¹ for surface spray to 60mgm⁻² h⁻¹ for row injection, and nitrous oxide ranged from 0.89mgm⁻² h⁻¹ for surface spray to 0.22mgm⁻² h⁻¹ for row injection. However, the Aerway injection method seemed to create the highest gas (GHG) concentrations inside the monitoring chambers at the initial application and produced the highest gas fluxes at subsequent sampling time (e.g., 72h after application). Nevertheless, the surface spray method appeared to produce the highest gas fluxes, and the row injection method appeared to emit the least amount of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Gas fluxes decreased over time and did not depend on the initial headspace concentration in the monitoring flux chambers.
Lovanh, Nanh , Warren, Jason , Sistani, Karamat
pig manure , liquid manure , ammonia , greenhouse gases , gas emissions , swine , agricultural soils , soil amendments , fertilizer application , environmental assessment
- Includes references
- Bioresource technology 2010 Mar., v. 101, no. 6
- [New York, NY]: Elsevier Ltd.
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
- Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.