Search National Agricultural Library (NAL) Digital Collections
Showing item 0 of
from your search.
Evaluation of antioxidant and proinflammatory gene expression in bovine mammary tissue during the periparturient period
- The incidence and severity of mastitis can be high during the period of transition from pregnancy to lactation when dairy cattle are susceptible to oxidative stress. Oxidative stress may contribute to the pathogenesis of mastitis by modifying the expression of proinflammatory genes. The overall goal of this study was to determine the relationship between critical antioxidant defense mechanisms and proinflammatory markers in normal bovine mammary tissue during the periparturient period. Mammary tissue samples were obtained from 12 cows at 35, 20, and 7 d before expected calving and during early lactation (EL, 15 to 28 d in milk). Enzyme activities for cytosolic glutathione peroxidase and phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase were relatively low during the dry period, but increased during EL, whereas activity of thioredoxin reductase 1 did not change significantly as a function of time. In contrast, gene expression for these antioxidant selenoproteins and for heme oxygenase-1 gradually decreased as parturition approached and then increased during EL. The expression of intercellular vascular adhesion molecule-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 followed a similar trend where mRNA abundance gradually declined as parturition approached with a slight rebound in EL. Gene expression of the pro-oxidant, 15-lipoxygenase 1, which is known to increase during times of oxidative stress, also increased dramatically in mammary tissue from EL cows. Expression of the proinflammatory cytokines, IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-8 did not change significantly during the periparturient period. Strong positive correlations were found between several antioxidant enzymes (cytosolic glutathione peroxidase, thioredoxin reductase 1, and heme oxygenase-1) and vascular adhesion molecules (intercellular vascular adhesion molecule-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1) suggesting a protective response of these antioxidants to an enhanced proinflammatory state. Ability to control oxidative stress through manipulation of key antioxidant enzymes in the future may modify the proinflammatory state of periparturient cows and reduce incidence and severity of some diseases such as mastitis.
Aitken, S.L. , Karcher, E.L. , Rezamand, P. , Gandy, J.C. , VandeHaar, M.J. , Capuco, A.V. , Sordillo, L.M.
dairy cows , mammary glands , udders , gene expression , antioxidants , antioxidant activity , bovine mastitis , prepartum period , postpartum period , oxidative stress , pathogenesis , inflammation , biomarkers , lactation , calving , glutathione peroxidase , dry period , heme oxygenase (decyclizing) , animal proteins , messenger RNA , protein synthesis , cytokines , interleukins
- Includes references
- Journal of dairy science 2009 Feb., v. 92, no. 2
- American Dairy Science Association
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
- Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.