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Leaf Whorl Inoculation Method for Screening Sugarcane Rust Resistance

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/37234
Abstract:
Brown rust, caused by Puccinia melanocephala, and orange rust, caused by P. kuehnii, are agronomically important diseases of sugarcane in Florida. Cultivar resistance is the best means of controlling these diseases. Natural infection has been the primary means of assessing resistance in sugarcane cultivars against rusts; unfortunately, natural infection is not always efficient in identifying resistant cultivars due to variable environmental conditions. Therefore, a more reliable screening method is needed to effectively select resistant genotypes. An inoculation technique was evaluated for identification of brown and orange rust resistance in sugarcane cultivars. Inoculations were performed in the field by placing a 0.5-ml urediniospore suspension in the leaf whorl of three individual sugarcane stalks per plant using a pipette. Symptoms developed on leaves of all the susceptible cultivars after 4 weeks, and appeared as a band of pustules. Plants were rated for their reaction to rust 4 weeks after inoculation. The optimum concentrations of inoculum for expression of brown and orange rust symptoms were determined. The most severe brown rust and orange rust symptoms were observed using inoculum containing 10⁵ and 10⁴ urediniospores/ml, respectively. Clones in several stages of the Canal Point breeding program were screened for their rust reaction by leaf whorl inoculation. The technique enabled rapid screening of a large number of cultivars in field plantings using a small amount of inoculum and limited man hours.
Author(s):
Sood, Sushma G. , Comstock, Jack C. , Glynn, Neil C.
Subject(s):
Saccharum , sugarcane , Puccinia melanocephala , Puccinia , rust diseases , disease resistance , genetic resistance , germplasm screening , laboratory techniques , cultivars , methodology , field experimentation , leaves , disease severity , signs and symptoms (plants)
Format:
p. 1335-1340.
Note:
Includes references
Source:
Plant disease: an international journal of applied plant pathology 2009 Dec., v. 93, no. 12
Language:
English
Year:
2009
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
File:
Download [PDF File]
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.