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Friction velocity and aerodynamic roughness of conventional and undercutter tillage within the Columbia Plateau, USA
- Friction velocity ( u * ) and aerodynamic roughness (z o ) at the soil-plant-atmosphere interface affect wind erosion, but no attempts have been made to quantify these parameters as affected by tillage systems within the Columbia Plateau region of the Pacific Northwest United States. Wind velocity profiles above adjacent field plots (>2ha), with plots subject to conventional or undercutter tillage during the summer fallow phase of a winter wheat-summer fallow rotation, were measured over 50 high wind events (wind velocities in excess of 6.4ms⁻¹ at a height of 3m) during 2005 and 2006 near Lind, Washington to determine u * and z o of tillage treatments. Wheat stubble plots were subject to either conventional (disks) or undercutter (wide V-shaped blades) tillage in spring and then periodically rodweeded prior to sowing winter wheat in late summer. Prior to sowing, u * for conventional and undercutter tillage respectively averaged 0.36 and 0.46ms⁻¹ in 2005 and 0.38 and 0.40ms⁻¹ in 2006 while z o for conventional and undercutter tillage respectively averaged 2 and 7mm in 2005 and 2 and 4mm in 2006. The aerodynamically rougher surface of undercutter tillage was predicted to suppress vertical dust flux; this was collaborated with observations in the field where undercutter tillage reduced dust flux as compared with conventional disk tillage. Undercutter tillage, therefore, appears to be an effective management practice to roughen the surface and thereby suppress dust emissions from agricultural land subject to summer fallow within the Columbia Plateau.
Sharratt, Brenton , Feng, Guanglong
conventional tillage , conservation tillage , friction , atmospheric circulation , aerodynamics , surface roughness , soil-plant-atmosphere interactions , wind erosion , wind speed , fallow , Triticum aestivum , winter wheat , grain crops , crop rotation , stubble , dust emissions , Washington
- Includes references
- Soil & tillage research 2009 Nov., v. 105, no. 2
- [Amsterdam]: Elsevier Science
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
- Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.