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Potential use of abrasive air-propelled agricultural residues for weed control

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/35227
File:
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Abstract:
A potential new post-emergence physical weed control tactic is described. It entails plant abrasion and death upon assault from abrasive grits propelled by compressed air. Grit derived from granulated walnut shells was delivered by a sand blaster at 517 kPa at distances of 300-600 mm from seedlings of Chenopodium album in glasshouse pots. Control was influenced by size of plants at time of treatment. Seedlings at the cotyledon to 2-leaf stages of growth were mostly destroyed by a single split-second blast of grit of <1 s duration, but were unaltered by compressed air alone. Plants at the 4- to 6-leaf growth stages required up to 10 blasts of grit to be killed. These results indicate that small weed seedlings of susceptible species might be physically controlled by abrasion from air-propelled grit derived from suitable agricultural residues.
Author(s):
Forcella, F.
Subject(s):
postemergent weed control , air , abrasives , walnuts , hulls , seedlings , Chenopodium album , cotyledons , plant growth
Format:
p. 341-345.
Note:
Includes references
Source:
Weed research 2009 Aug., v. 49, no. 4
Language:
English
Publisher:
Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Year:
2009
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.