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Antioxidants in Capsicum chinense: Variation among countries of origin

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/33076
Abstract:
The main objective of this investigation was to evaluate fruits of C. chinense accessions for their concentration of β-carotene, ascorbic acid, and phenols for use as parents in breeding for these phytochemicals. Mature fruits of 63 accessions of C. chinense originally acquired from Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Puerto Rico, and the United States were analyzed for their chemical composition. Fruits of C. chinense accessions PI-152452 (Brazil) and PI-360726 (Ecuador) contained the greatest concentrations of ascorbic acid (1.2 and 1.1 mg g-1 fresh fruit, respectively), while PI-438648 (Mexico) contained the greatest concentration of total phenols content (349 μg g-1 fresh fruit) among the other 63 accessions tested. Accession PI-355817 from Ecuador contained the greatest concentrations of β-carotene (8 mg g-1fresh fruit). These accessions were identified as potential candidates for mass production of antioxidants with health-promoting properties.
Author(s):
Antonious, George F. , Lobel, Lauren , Kochhar, Tejinder , Berke, Terry , Jarret, Robert L.
Subject(s):
antioxidants , Capsicum chinense , chemical constituents of plants , provenance , beta-carotene , ascorbic acid , phenols , food composition , capsaicin , Belize , Brazil , Colombia , Ecuador , Mexico , Peru , Puerto Rico , United States
Format:
p. 621-626.
Note:
Includes references
Source:
Journal of environmental science and health. Part B: Pesticides, food contaminants, and agricultural wastes 2009 Aug., v. 44, no. 6
Language:
English
Year:
2009
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
File:
Download [PDF File]
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.