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Container and Installation Time Effects on Soil Moisture, Temperature, and Inorganic Nitrogen Retention for an in situ Nitrogen Mineralization Method
- Mineralization contributes significantly to agronomic nitrogen (N) budgets and is difficult to accurately predict. Models for predicting N-mineralization contributions are needed, and development of these models will require field-based data. In situ mineralization methods are intended to quantify N mineralization under ambient environmental conditions. This study was conducted to compare soil moisture and temperature in intact soil cores contained in cylinders to those in adjacent bulk soil, compare the effect of two resin-bag techniques on water content of soil within cylinders, and assess the effect of installation duration on inorganic N retention by resins. The study was conducted at a dryland conventionally tilled corn (Zea mays L.) site and an irrigated no-tillage corn site in eastern Nebraska. Soil in cylinders was slightly wetter (<0.05 g g-1) and warmer (<1 °C) than adjacent soil. Soil water content was <80% water-filled pore space (WFPS) at all sampling times and differed little between the two resin-bag techniques. Greater soil water content and temperature conditions (though small) observed during most of the study period likely enhanced N mineralization within the cylinder compared to N mineralization in adjacent bulk soil, but the magnitude is likely much less than core-to-core variation normally observed in a field. Installing cylinders for more than 60 days resulted in loss of inorganic N from resins. Care is needed during installation to ensure that compaction of soil below the cylinder does not impede water movement through the intact soil core. The in situ method utilizing intact soil cores and resin bags replaced at 28- to 40-day intervals is a viable method for measuring N mineralization.
Wienhold, Brian J. , Varvel, Gary E. , Wilhelm, W.W.
nitrogen , mineralization , soil water content , soil temperature , dryland farming , irrigated conditions , corn , Zea mays , agricultural soils , field experimentation
- Includes references
- Communications in soil science and plant analysis 2009 July-Aug, v. 40, no. 13-14
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
- Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.