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Dynamic Air Velocity and Spray Deposition Inside Dense Nursery Crops with a Multi-Jet Air-Assist Sprayer
- New sprayers are needed to deliver droplets uniformly within dense nursery crops to obtain healthy and marketable plants in the nursery industry. An air-assist sprayer with five-port nozzles was developed and investigated to improve spray penetration into dense nursery canopies. Spray deposits at top, middle and bottom of canopies were characterized using fluorescence detection, and were compared at three nozzle heights in a commercial nursery field. Dynamic air velocities corresponding to the deposit sampling locations inside and outside the canopy were measured at the time when the sprayer passed over the canopies. Air jet velocity profiles from nozzle outlets to 0.79 m below the nozzles were determined experimentally and mathematically. The measured air jet velocity decreased from 40.1 to 19.4 m/s when the distance from the orifice increased from 0.33 to 0.79 m. The peak velocities at the top and middle elevations for both inside and outside the canopy decreased as the nozzle height above the ground increased, but the peak velocities at the bottom elevation for both situations were not significantly decreased as the nozzle height increased. The average period of time for dynamic air velocities higher than 1 m/s inside the canopy was 1.9 s at 2.5 cm, 3.8 s at 25 cm and 1.1 s at 46 cm. The mean spray deposit inside taxus canopies with leaf area index of 5.96 increased in an exponential function as the peak air velocity increased. The spray penetration capability and spray deposition uniformity inside taxus canopies were greatly improved with the five-port air assist sprayer.
Zhu, Heping , Derksen, Richard C. , Krause, Charles R. , Ozkan, H. Erdal , Brazee, Ross D. , Fox, Robert D. , Losely, Karl , American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. Meeting.
nursery crops , pesticides , sprayers , spray booms , canopy , air flow , velocity , spray deposition , spray coverage , nozzles , equipment design , leaf area index , mathematical models
- Paper presented at the ASABE Annual International Meeting, held July 9-12, 2006, Portland, Oregon.
- Paper 2008, no. 061125
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
- Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.