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Effects of selenomethionine supplementation on selenium status and thyroid hormone concentrations in healthy adults

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BACKGROUND: Selenium, a potential cancer prevention agent currently being tested against prostate cancer in the Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT), plays an integral role in thyroid metabolism. The effects of long-term selenium supplementation on thyroid hormone concentrations are unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate the effects of long-term selenium supplementation on thyroid hormone concentrations. DESIGN: Twenty-eight healthy adults took 200 μg selenomethionine/d for 28 mo. The thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T₃), thyroxine (T₄), and thyrotropin (TSH) were measured in plasma for 4 mo before supplementation and quarterly during supplementation. The assay methods were changed midstudy; the results of the 2 methods were not comparable. Therefore, one analysis was conducted based on the results of the first method, and a second analysis was based on all of the data, adjusted for the change. Serial data collection permitted a test for trends rather than simply a difference between initial and final values. RESULTS: By 9 mo, mean (±SEM) plasma selenium concentrations had increased from 1.78 ± 0.07 μmol/L at baseline to 2.85 ± 0.11 μmol/L for men and from 1.64 ± 0.04 to 3.32 ± 0.1.2 μmol/L for women. T₃ concentrations in men increased 5% per year (P = 0.01). T₄ and TSH concentrations were unchanged. CONCLUSIONS: Selenium supplementation produced no clinically significant changes in thyroid hormone concentrations. A small but statistically significant increase in T₃ concentrations was noted in men, with no corresponding decreases in TSH. A subset of SELECT subjects might be monitored periodically for changes during long-term selenium supplementation.
Combs, Gerald F. Jr. , Midthune, Douglas N. , Patterson, Kristine Y. , Canfield, Wesley K. , Hill, A. David , Levander, Orville A. , Taylor, Philip R. , Moler, James E. , Patterson, Blossom H.
dietary supplements , selenium , seleno amino acids , methionine , nutritional status , thyroid hormones , hormone metabolism , adults , metabolic studies , men , women , gender differences , human nutrition
p. 1808-1814.
Includes references
American journal of clinical nutrition AJN 2009 June, v. 89, no. 6
American Society for Clinical Nutrition
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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