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Thermal death kinetics of fifth-instar Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/29176
File:
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Abstract:
Heat treatments have been suggested as alternatives to chemical fumigants for control of postharvest insects in dried fruits and nuts. Conventional forced hot air treatments heat product too slowly to be practical, but radio frequency treatments are capable of more rapid product heating. While developing radio frequency heat treatments for dried fruits and nuts, the heat tolerance of nondiapausing and diapausing fifth-instar larvae of the Indianmeal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hubner), was determined using a heating block system developed by Washington State University. Both a 0.5th order kinetic model and a classical empirical model were used to estimate lethal exposure times for temperatures of 44-52°C for nondiapausing fifth-instar larvae. We obtained 95% mortality at exposures suitable for practical radio frequency treatments (less than or equal to 5 min) with temperatures of 50 and 52°C. Diapausing larvae were significantly more tolerant than nondiapausing larvae at the lowest treatment temperature and shortest exposure, but differences were not significant at more extreme temperature-time combinations. Previous studies showed that fifth-instar larvae of the navel orangeworm, Amyelois transitella (Walker), were more heat tolerant than either diapausing or nondiapausing Indianmeal moth larvae. Consequently, efficacious treatments for navel orangeworm would also control Indianmeal moth.
Author(s):
Johnson, J.A. , Wang, S. , Tang, J.
Subject(s):
heat treatment , radio waves , insect control , temperature , duration , heat tolerance , mortality , mathematical models , diapause , stored product protection
Format:
p. 519-524.
Note:
Includes references
Source:
Journal of economic entomology 2003 Apr., v. 96, no. 2
Language:
English
Year:
2003
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.