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Anthocyanin Content, Antioxidant Activity, and Selected Physical Properties of Flowable Purple-Fleshed Sweetpotato Purees
With high levels of polyphenolic compounds, purple-fleshed sweetpotatoes (PFSP) have been utilized as a healthy food commodity and source of natural food colorants in Asia. In the U.S. sweetpotato industry, there are growing interests in exploring these market opportunities for PFSP. A locally grown PFSP cultivar was analyzed for antioxidant properties. The total phenolic content ranged from 313.6 to 1483.7 mg chlorogenic acid equivalent/100 g fresh weight (fw), and anthocyanin contents were between 51.5 and 174.7 mg anthocyanins/100 g fw. The DPPH radical scavenging activities and were 47.0 to 87.4 μmol trolox equivalent (TE)/g fw, and the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) values were between 26.4 and 78.2 μmol TE/g fw. Unlike orange-fleshed sweetpotatoes (OFSP), the steamed roots of PFSP formed a thick paste, which required a process modification to produce flowable purees. Rheological testing indicated that adjusting the dry matter of PFSP to 18%-21% produced purees with flow properties similar to the OFSP purees. The PFSP purees had polyphenolic content and antioxidant capacity within ranges reported for various purple-colored fruits and vegetables.
free radical scavengers
Journal of food science an official publication of the Institute of Food Technologists 2008 June-July, v. 73, no. 5
Blackwell Publishing Inc
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.
Agricultural Research Service
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