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Anthocyanin Content, Antioxidant Activity, and Selected Physical Properties of Flowable Purple-Fleshed Sweetpotato Purees

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With high levels of polyphenolic compounds, purple-fleshed sweetpotatoes (PFSP) have been utilized as a healthy food commodity and source of natural food colorants in Asia. In the U.S. sweetpotato industry, there are growing interests in exploring these market opportunities for PFSP. A locally grown PFSP cultivar was analyzed for antioxidant properties. The total phenolic content ranged from 313.6 to 1483.7 mg chlorogenic acid equivalent/100 g fresh weight (fw), and anthocyanin contents were between 51.5 and 174.7 mg anthocyanins/100 g fw. The DPPH radical scavenging activities and were 47.0 to 87.4 μmol trolox equivalent (TE)/g fw, and the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) values were between 26.4 and 78.2 μmol TE/g fw. Unlike orange-fleshed sweetpotatoes (OFSP), the steamed roots of PFSP formed a thick paste, which required a process modification to produce flowable purees. Rheological testing indicated that adjusting the dry matter of PFSP to 18%-21% produced purees with flow properties similar to the OFSP purees. The PFSP purees had polyphenolic content and antioxidant capacity within ranges reported for various purple-colored fruits and vegetables.
Steed, L.E. , Truong, V.-D.
Includes references
Journal of food science an official publication of the Institute of Food Technologists 2008 June-July, v. 73, no. 5
Blackwell Publishing Inc
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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