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Development of a canopy opener to improve spray deposition and coverage inside soybean canopies. 2. Opener design with field experiments
- Conventional boom sprayers usually are not effective in delivering droplets to inner parts of dense target canopies, such as soybeans at growth stages from R3 to R5. An experimental mechanical canopy opener was developed with the assistance of mathematical models and attached to a conventional boom sprayer to increase spray deposition and coverage inside soybean canopies. The opener consisted of a 2.5 cm diameter metal pipe to push canopies forward, and a frame for connecting the pipe to the spray boom. Field experiments were conducted to determine the amount of spray deposition and percentage of spray coverage on artificial targets at the middle and lower portions of soybean canopies with three opener depths (7.5, 15, and 22.5 cm), three opener widths (15, 25, and 35 cm), and two different sizes of flat-fan nozzles. Additional field experiments were conducted to compare spray deposition and coverage inside soybean canopies among treatments using an air-assisted sprayer, the conventional boom sprayer with the opener, and the boom sprayer with a conventional flat-fan nozzle and a dual-pattern nozzle assembly without the opener. At the time of experiments, the soybean plants were at R5 growth stage with an average height of 1.06 m. An opener width of 25 cm or larger significantly increased the spray deposition and coverage inside the canopies. An opener depth from 7.5 to 15 cm had better spray coverage than the 22.5 cm opener depth. The boom sprayer with the opener produced no significant difference in spray deposition and coverage at the middle of canopies compared to the air-assisted sprayer, but it did produce significantly lower spray deposition and coverage at the lower portions of canopies than the air-assisted sprayer. With assistance from the opener to push the top of canopies, spray deposition and coverage on targets inside soybean canopies by the boom sprayer was improved.
Zhu, H. , Derksen, R.C. , Ozkan, H.E. , Reding, M.E. , Krause, C.R.
Glycine max , soybeans , canopy , spraying equipment , foliar spraying , equipment design , field experimentation , spray deposition , spray booms , sprayers , air-assisted sprayers , nozzles , fan nozzles , equipment performance , spray coverage
- Includes references
- Transactions of the ASABE 2008 Nov-Dec, v. 51, no. 6
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
- Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.