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Uptake of Point Source Depleted 15N Fertilizer by Neighboring Corn Plants

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/26825
Abstract:
Ground-based active (self-illuminating) sensors make it possible to collect canopy data that are useful for making on-the-go N fertilizer application decisions. These technologies raise questions about plant-to-plant competition for targeted fertilizer N applications. This study evaluated the extent to which fertilizer N applied to an individual corn (Zea mays L.) plant might be intercepted by adjacent plants in the row. Depleted 15N ammonium-nitrate was injected under the center maize plant while the four neighboring plants on each side in the row received the same rate as natural abundance ammonium-nitrate fertilizer. Aboveground biomass was collected 10 (at V12) and 7 (at R1) d after each fertilizer application. Plants were separated into three components at each sampling date. The uptake pattern of depleted 15N indicated an individual maize plant acquires most of its in-season N from an area within a 40-cm radius. Adjacent plants 18-cm away from the tagged-N source contained 32 to 40% of the total depleted 15N that was taken up by all nine plants in the sequence. Maize plants 36 cm from the point source only acquired 5 to 13% of the depleted 15N source that was taken up by all nine plants. It is presently impractical to position in-season by-plant N applications beneath plants as done in this study. Surface applications of liquid N near target plants is presently possible, but the relative effectiveness would likely be less than for injection of the fertilizer beneath each plant.
Author(s):
Hodgen, P.J. , Ferguson, R.B. , Shanahan, J.F. , Schepers, J.S.
Subject(s):
Zea mays , corn , nitrogen fertilizers , isotope labeling , stable isotopes , canopy , plant competition , remote sensing , nutrient uptake , ammonium nitrate , fertilizer rates , dry matter accumulation , plant nutrition , precision agriculture
Format:
p. 99-105.
Note:
Includes references
Source:
Agronomy journal 2009 Jan-Feb, v. 101, no. 1
Language:
English
Year:
2009
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
File:
Download [PDF File]
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.