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Validity of segmental multiple-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis to estimate body composition of adults across a range of body mass indexes
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Objective: We compared body composition estimates using an eight-electrode, segmental, multiple-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (segmental MF-BIA) and dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in a group of healthy adults with a range of body mass indexes (BMIs). Methods: Percentage of body fat (%BF), fat-free mass, and fat mass assessed by DXA and segmental MF-BIA in 132 healthy adults were classified by normal (N; 18.5-24.9 kg/m²), overweight (OW; 25-29.9 kg/m²), and obese (OB; 30-39.9 kg/m²) BMI. Results: Compared with DXA, segmental MF-BIA overestimated %BF in the OB BMI group (3.4%; P < 0.0001). MF-BIA overestimated %BF among men (0.75%; P < 0.006) and women (0.87%; P < 0.006) and underestimated it in the N BMI group (-1.56%; P < 0.0001); %BF was not different between methods in the OW BMI group. Error in %BF determined by segmental MF-BIA and DXA increased as %BF increased (r = 0.42, P < 0.0001). Waist circumference was the only significant predictor of systematic error in %BF between MF-BIA and DXA (r = 0.60, P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Eight-electrode, segmental MF-BIA is a valid method to estimate %BF in adults with BMI classified as N and OW, but not as OB. Estimation of trunk resistance with current segmental MF-BIA devices may explain the underestimation of %BF in the adults with OB BMI. Further examination of the effect of waist circumference and body fat distribution on the accuracy of BIA measurements is warranted.
Shafer, Kimberly J.
Siders, William A.
Johnson, LuAnn K.
Lukaski, Henry C.
ideal body weight
nutrition risk assessment
body mass index
fat free mass
dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry
Nutrition 2009 Jan., v. 25, no. 1
[New York]: Elsevier Science Inc.
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