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The Effect of Solar Irradiance on the Mortality of Phakopsora pachyrhizi Urediniospores
- Soybean rust, caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi, may be the most important foliar disease of soybean. Within the last 10 years, the fungus has moved to many new geographical locations via spread of airborne urediniospores. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between urediniospore viability and exposure to solar radiation. Urediniospores of P. pachyrhizi were exposed in Capitán Miranda, Paraguay, to determine the deleterious effects of sunlight. Concomitant total solar (0.285 to 2.8 μm) and ultraviolet (0.295 to 0.385 μm) irradiance measurements were used to predict urediniospore germination. Urediniospores exposed to doses of solar and ultraviolet (UV) radiation >or= 27.3 MJ/m2 and >or= 1.2 MJ/m2, respectively, did not germinate. The proportions of urediniospores that germinated, normalized with respect to the germination proportion for unexposed urediniospores from the same collections, were a linear function of solar irradiance (R2 = 0.83). UV measurements predicted normalized germination proportions equally well. Results of inoculation experiments with exposed P. pachyrhizi urediniospores supported the results of the germination trials, although the effects of moderate levels of irradiance varied. The relationship between urediniospore viability and exposure to solar radiation has been incorporated into the U.S. Department of Agriculture's soybean rust aerobiological model that provides North American soybean growers with decision support for managing soybean rust.
Isard, S.A. , Dufault, N.S. , Miles, M.R. , Hartman, G.L. , Russo, J.M. , De Wolf, E.D. , Morel, W.
Glycine max , soybeans , Phakopsora pachyrhizi , plant pathogenic fungi , rust diseases , solar radiation , fungal spores , mortality , geographical distribution , ultraviolet radiation , light intensity , dosage , spore germination , disease models , Paraguay
- Includes references
- Plant disease: an international journal of applied plant pathology 2006 July, v. 90, no. 7
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
- Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.