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Geotextile Filtration Performance for Lagoon Sludges and Liquid Animal Manures Dewatering

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/19615
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Abstract:
Maintenance and control of liquid levels in anaerobic lagoons and storage ponds is enhanced by pretreatment with liquid-solid separation or periodic removal of accumulated sludges. Until local disposal or nutrient recycling options become available, sludges can be contained, dewatered, and stored using geotextile filtration. A geotextile filtration testing method termed a hanging-bag test was used to treat dairy lagoon sludge, swine lagoon sludge, liquid dairy manure, and liquid swine manure. Hanging-bag performance was evaluated by: (1) determining solids and plant nutrient mass retention efficiencies (MRE), (2) quantifying the overall volume reduction, and (3) characterizing the dewatered manure. After three fill-dewater cycles, geotextile filtration performed similarly for the sludges, retaining an average 87.6% of total solids (TS), 58.4% of total ammoniacal nitrogen (TAN), and 86.7% total phosphorous (TP). Geotextile filtration was also effective in dewatering and concentrating the sludges; by highly concentrating the retained solids, it reduced the total influent sludge volume requiring disposal to less than 18.5%. Despite relatively high MRE values for liquid swine manure (70.2% of TS, 65.1% of TAN, and 75.7% of TP), geotextile filtration was ineffective as a primary liquid-solid separation, with 60.3% of the total influent volume remaining. For liquid dairy manure (TS = 0.71%), geotextile filtration reduced the total influent volume to less than 1%, concentrated the solids and nutrients in the dewatered material 16 to 21 times greater than the influent, and retained 38.4% of TS, 25.8% of TAN, and 45.0% of TP, making this an effective liquid-solid separation technique.
Author(s):
Cantrell, K.B. , Chastain, J.P. , Moore, K.P.
Subject(s):
geotextiles , filtration , liquid manure , pig manure , dairy manure , waste lagoons , dewatering , separation , waste treatment , nitrogen , phosphorus , ammonium nitrogen
Format:
p. 1067-1076.
Note:
Includes references
Source:
Transactions of the ASABE 2008 May-June, v. 51, no. 3
Language:
English
Year:
2008
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.