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Use of precision farming to improve applications of feedlot waste to increase nutrient use efficiency and protect water quality
- Spatial variability in crop yields can be caused by many factors, which makes it difficult to determine the most limiting factors. Application of animal wastes to relatively infertile areas offers the potential to supply needed nutrients and improve soil physical properties. The objectives of this study were to test a manure application strategy to reduce spatial variability in corn (Zea mays L) yield and to identify the most limiting nutrients in relatively low yielding areas in a field. Fresh solid beef feedlot manure was applied in 1997 to a strip across areas with variable fertility status. No fertilizer was applied with the manure in 1997. Uniform N fertilizer, but no manure, was applied in 1998. Leaf tissue samples and chlorophyll meter readings were collected along the strips during the growing season and from adjacent strips without manure application. Grain yield was determined at plant maturity. In 1997, chlorophyll meter readings indicated season long N deficiency (<95% sufficiency index) in no-manure plots with sufficiency indices of 93, 88, 85, and 88% for the V10, V17, R2, and R3 growth stages, respectively. Only an early season N deficiency was detected in a few of the no-manure plots in 1998. Leaf tissue analyses indicated N and P were growth limiting factors in 1997, with leaf N concentrations of 25, 26, and 27 mg g(-1) for non-manure plots and 30, 33, and 31 mg g(-1) for manure plots at V12, R1, and R3 growth stages, respectively. Leaf P concentrations were 2.0, 2.0, and 1.9 mg g(-1) for no-manure plots versus 2.5, 2.7, and 2.3 mg g(-1) for manure plots, respectively. In 1998, neither N or P were identified as limiting factors. Grain yields in 1997 were 10.2 and 12.2 Mg ha(-1), which increased to 11.9 and 12.8 Mg ha(-1) in 1998 for no-manure and manure plots, respectively.
Masek, T.J. , Schepers, J.S. , Mason, S.C. , Francis, D.D.
precision agriculture , cattle manure , land application , spatial variation , fields , crop yield , Zea mays , nitrogen content , leaves , nutrient deficiencies , phosphorus , nutrient content , Nebraska
- In the special issue: Potential use of innovative nutrient management alternatives to increase nutrient use efficiency, reduce losses, and protect soil and water quality/edited by J. Delgado. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Soil and Water Conservation Society held Aug. 8-11, 1999, Biloxi, Mississippi.
- Communications in soil science and plant analysis 2001. v. 32 (7/8)
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
- Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.