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Tillage, crop rotation, and organic amendment effect on changes in soil organic matter
- Carbon sequestration in agricultural soils is controlled by the balance of added organic residues and microbial oxidation of both residues and native organic matter (OM) as moderated by management and tillage. The PC-based model CQESTR predicts decomposition of residues, organic amendments and soil OM, based on cropping practices. CQESTR uses RUSLE (Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation) crop rotation and management practice, crop production, and operation databases. These data are supplemented with residue nitrogen and soil OM, bulk density, and layer thickness. CQESTR was calibrated with soil carbon data from 70-year-long experiments at the Research Center at Pendleton, OR. The calibrated model provides estimates with a 95% confidence interval of 0.33% OM. Validation at 11 independent sites resulted in a matching of observed with calculated OM with a 95% confidence interval of 0.55% OM. A 12th site, with a history of severe erosion, provided a poor match.
Rickman, R. , Douglas, C. , Albrecht, S. , Berc, J. , Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)
agricultural soils , carbon sequestration , organic fertilizers , soil amendments , crop rotation , mathematical models , model validation , tillage , crop residues , biodegradation , Oregon
- Special Issue: Terrestrial Carbon. Part I / edited by R.A. Mickler and S.G. McNulty.
- Environmental pollution 2002. v. 116 (3)
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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