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Coverage and Drift Produced by Air Induction and Conventional Hydraulic Nozzles Used for Orchard Applications
- A conventional, axial-flow, air-blast orchard sprayer was used to make applications to the outside row of a semi-dwarf apple block. Fluorescent tracer was applied at the same rate using either disc-core nozzle sets or air-induction nozzles fitted with flat-fan tips. The experiment included measuring the percent area of spray coverage on leaves after three variations in spray application method. Each of the variations used a different type of nozzle on the same conventional, axial-fan orchard sprayer. The three nozzle variations were a Spraying Systems D3-25 nozzle set, a Spraying Systems D4-25 nozzle set, and a TurboDrop 02 (TD02) air-induction nozzle set. Canopy spray deposits, downwind sedimentation, and airborne spray losses were also measured following treatment on the inside half of the outside row using D4-25 nozzles or TD02 nozzles. The small droplet spectrum D3-25 nozzle set produced the highest leaf surface coverage on both upperside and underside surfaces at 2.0 and 3.0 m heights in the canopy. The upperside leaf surface coverage produced by the D3-25 nozzle was only somewhat greater than the TD02 nozzle. It was, however, significantly higher than the D4-25 nozzle set at the 3.0 m height. Conversely, the underside leaf surface coverage produced by the D3-25 was significantly greater than the TD02 nozzle set at both 2.0 and 3.0 m heights and not statistically different from the D4-25 nozzle set at the lower sampling height. There were relatively few differences in canopy spray deposits between the D4-25 and TD02 nozzle sets. The TD02 treatment produced the lowest downwind sedimentation deposits on targets 8 to 32 m from the edge of the orchard. The D4-25 produced approximately three times higher deposits up to 9 m above the ground than the TD02 treatment on passive nylon screens located 8 m downwind from the edge of the orchard. The D4-25 treatment produced significantly higher airborne deposits on elevated, high-volume, air sampler filters out to 64 m. At 128 m, sedimentation and airborne deposits were similar for the D4-25 and TD02 treatments.
Derksen, R.C. , Zhu, H. , Fox, R.D. , Brazee, R.D. , Krause, C.R.
air-assisted sprayers , nozzles , spray coverage , spray drift , foliar spraying , orchards , Malus domestica
- Includes references
- Transactions of the ASABE 2007 Sept-Oct, v. 50, no. 5
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
- Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.