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Response of Potato Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) to Synthetic Potato-Derived Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Attractant and Natural Potato Odor
A recently synthesized kairomone blend, based on the volatiles produced by potato (Solanum spp.) plants, has been demonstrated to be attractive to both adult and larval stages of the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). It was subsequently formulated in a viscous inert carrier for field applications and showed potential for aggregating beetles in treated areas of the field. We investigated effects of this kairomone formulation on the potato aphid, Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas) (Homoptera: Aphididae). The response of both winged and wingless adults to natural potato foliage and synthetic kairomone was tested in a Y-tube olfactometer. Aphid response to untreated potato foliage, foliage treated with the kairomone blend, and foliage treated with blank inert carrier also was tested in petri dishes. In addition, aphid densities on field plots treated with kairomone and blank inert carrier were compared with the control plots. The untreated potato foliage was found to be attractive to wingless, but not winged, potato aphids. In the olfactometer, the foliage treated with synthetic Colorado potato beetle kairomone was not attractive to either winged or wingless aphids. In petri dishes, aphids avoided leaflets treated with both kairomone formulation and its blank carrier. There was no statistical difference between any treatments compared in the field.
Journal of economic entomology 2006 Aug., v. 99, no. 4
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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